The indigenous population is made up of 16
ethnic groups. Many are part of larger ethnic networks extending into
several countries in the sub-region. The Temne in the North and the Mende
in the South and East are the two largest. The Limba, Susu, Kono, Fula,
Mandingo, Sherbro, Krio, Koranko, Vai, Krim, Loko, Kisi, Yalinka and other
In addition, about 2000
Lebanese, 500 Indians and 2,000 Europeans reside in the country, some of who
have become naturalized citizens. The last population census was carried out
in 1985, by which the count was at about 3.5 million with a growth rate of
approximately 2.4%. Preparations are underway for the population count
scheduled to commence in December 2004. The current projected population
figure is given as 5.3 million.
Sierra Leoneans are renowned for
their skills in arts and craftwork, especially woodcarving. They are also
generally noted for their hospitality.
Population: (2001 est.; no census since 1985); 4.5 million
Annual Growth Rate: (1990
Ethnic Groups: Mende,
Temne, Limba, Krio, Loko, Fullah, Kono, Madingo,
Yalunka, Vai, Sherbro, Susu, Koranko, Krim, Kru and Kissi.
Local languages: Mende,
Temne, Limba, Krio, Loko, Fullah, Kono,
Madingo, Yalunka, Vai, Sherbro, Susu,
Krim, Kru and Kissi (krio is the most
Islam and Christianity.
Education: (2000) Literacy 30%
Force: Agriculture 67%; Industry 15%; Services 18%
Mortgages: Fastest growing mortgage is the "Reverse Mortgage"